Australia Day Facts: The Australia Day The National Day of Australia is held annually on January 26 in all states and regions. Australia Day commemorates the founding of the first European settlement at Sydney’s Jackson Harbor in 1788. It is an opportunity for all Australians to come together to celebrate our country and our culture. Many people use the day to picnic in a park, prepare family barbecues or play or watch sporting events. In some places, especially in Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra, spectacular fireworks displays are made. In towns and cities, citizenship ceremonies are held to welcome immigrants who have obtained Australian citizenship. Further.
Australia Day Facts
Australia is a very multicultural country . It is formed by descendants of British, as well as aboriginals and immigrants from many European, African and Asian countries. Everyone who visits Australia returns with anecdotes of encounters with dangerous animals, snakes, jellyfish or spiders and nice photos of animals such as kangaroos or Koalas, although the latter are not easy to see.
Things that maybe you did not know about this gigantic country:
1) It is estimated that Australian aborigines have lived there for more than 40,000 years .
2) The first Europeans who lived in Australia were British prisoners . The country was a colony-prison of the United Kingdom from 1787 to 1868.
3) The Aussies call the British pommies , since POME were the initials that wore the uniforms of the convicts. They meant Prisoners Of Mother England . *
4) One third of Australia is desert (mainly in the center).
5) That’s why 90% of Australians live on the coast.
6) Australia is the sixth largest country in the world .
7) And the only country that is also a continent even if it is the smallest.
8) It is also the flattest continent with an average height of only 330 m. above sea level.
9) There are more than 1500 spider species .
10) More than 100 million sheep .
11) It is estimated that there are 40 million Kangaroos , their meat is very appreciated.
12) And only 20 million inhabitants .
13) Australia is the country with the least population density , only 2 people per square kilometer.
14) The most dangerous jellyfish in the world is on the Australian coast (Cubozoos or Box jellyfish).
15) Also one of the most dangerous spiders (funnel-web spider). Your poison can kill a person in less than 2 hours. The only mammals that are not immune to their venom are monkeys and humans.
16) 20 of the world’s most dangerous snakes live in Australia.
17) The Dutch arrived in Australia in 1644 (Abel Tasman) and called it the New Holland. Until the end of the 19th century the Dutch continued to use this name.
18) Australian aborigines are only 2% of the population.
19) Koalas are nocturnal animals and spend between 16 and 18 hours a day sleeping .
20) The word Kangaroo comes from gangurru meaning “I do not understand you” in a language of the aborigines. It is said that Gangurru was the answer that the natives gave to the explorers of James Cook when they asked about the name of the animal.
January 26th is not just any day for Australians, it is a day of celebration and excitement in every corner of this beautiful country, since it is celebrated nothing more and nothing less than the “National Day of Australia” (Happy Australia Day).
Being January a month of intense summer in the southern hemisphere, tourists from all over the world come to Australia to enjoy its beautiful and paradisiacal beaches, so on the 26th they become the main witnesses of all that this festival means. its inhabitants, and the great diversity of events that take place for its commemoration, demonstrating how proud they are of their great nation.
But concretely, what is celebrated on this day? Well, January 26 is the anniversary of the arrival of the first fleet of 11 convict ships from Britain under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip .
Phillip landed at Botany Bay on the east coast of Australia on January 18, 1788, traveled a few kilometers to the north to find a more propitious place for the settlement and made landfall in Sydney Cove(nowadays south end Sydney Bridge) on the 26th January, finding the ideal place to establish the first penal colony in Australian territory.
But while it is a day that weaves together the past and the present of a great country and its people, this celebration has also become a sensitive point for some of the aboriginal communities of Australia , who consider that they were invaded by the British in that country. day in 1788.
Traditionally Sydney has been the epicenter of the main events on this day, in fact, in 1988 an impressive celebration was held in honor of the bicentennial, which was attended by more than 2.5 million people. Since 1994 it is celebrated nationwide and if it falls on a Saturday or a Sunday, it does not matter, the following Monday is considered a holiday.
Outdoor concerts, community barbecues, sports competitions, parties and fireworks are part of the many events that take place in communities throughout Australia, where the family gathers, there are picnics and aquatic and aerial shows without equal.