How to Plant Peonies: How much watering do peonies require and when they bloom? Can I grow them in pots? Peonies are spectacular flowers present in many bridal bouquets and floral arrangements for their beauty. They are relatively easy to take care of as long as you keep a few keys in mind.
How to Plant Peonies
Peonies bloom for a short period of time in late spring or early summer. Its green foliage remains until winter. Most peonies grow herbaceous without a trunk, although there are also peonies.
7 Steps to Plant and Care for Peonies
1. To Plant Them
These flowers should be planted in spring with the best months being April and May. If it is in a warm area, move it closer to shade trees, if it is in a cold area, away from shade trees. These plants also root in pots so if you do not have a garden you can also enjoy them.
The peonies trees better plant them at the beginning of autumn in this way we ensure a good establishment of the roots. If you plant the peonies in a cold climate you have to dig about 5 or 6 cm so that the winter does not damage the plant. On the contrary, in warmer climates the hole will be 2.5 cm, it should not be very deep.
2. The Hours of Sun and Adequate Temperature
These plants grow best in places with cold temperatures, even quite cold (they support temperatures below zero). However, in warm areas, if they have sun and at the same time shade that protects them, they also thrive. almost all flowers need at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.
If they do not receive enough sun, it will cost them to flower or fewer flowers will come out. Choose the location to plant or place the pots following this criterion.
3. The Earth
They need fertile and well-drained soil. A composition 65% topsoil and 35% perlite. In the gardening section of the supermarket or in garden centers you can find everything you need. Peonies thrive best in deep, fertile soils. It must be free of weeds and with an optimum pH between 5.5 and 7.5. If the pH is higher or lower, treat the soil with products to balance it.
Peonies require a good level of watering, in spring at least twice a week, at least at the top of the earth at about 15 cm where it is planted. Do not water in excess to avoid standing water. In summer it is still watering the same, when the temperature drops the irrigation also in winter it is watered once a week and less quantity of water.
If you have them in pots it is advisable to cover the earth with galvanic type stones that help preserve without letting the earth puddling.
Fertilizers based on nitrogen and phosphorus are needed twice a year in spring and autumn. Apply following the manufacturer’s instructions in mixtures. The first dose of fertilizer in autumn is applied with 50% nitrogen and 100% sodium and potassium. The second in spring will be 50% nitrogen.
The best way to spread the peonies is by dividing the rhizomes between April and May. You have to select the most robust roots.
Peonies if they do not get enough sun and their leaves get wet frequently can get a disease called ‘gray mold’. It can also suffer the torque of aphids and taps that are also virus vectors. Botrytis is one of the main problems of peonies, occurs with a high relative humidity 90% and poor ventilation. If the plant is affected there are specific products against the disease and pruning will also be necessary.