Eid al Adha History: Eid ul Adha History – What is Eid al Adha? The History of Eid al Adha.
What is Eid ul Adha? Eid al Adha History
According to the Islamic narrations the valley of Mecca (today’s Saudi Arabia), was from thousands of years ago still dry and uninhabited. Nevertheless, at such a time, Ibrahim (as) was given the command by Allah (SWT) to bring his Egyptian wife Hajar and his only son, Ismail, from Canaan to Arabia.
When Ibrahim (AS) did so and wanted to return back to Kanaan, Hajar asked him, “Did Allah (SWT) ordered you to leave us here, or do you intend to leave us here to die?”. Ibrahim (as) himself was so sad that he was just pointing at the sky to say that the order came from the Almighty. This response calmed Hajar immediately and she said: “Allah (swt) will never let us down, so you may go.”
Although Ibrahim (as) left the two with quite enough food and drink, they were used in the deadly heat of the desert in a few days.
Eid al Adha History – What is The History of Eid al Adha
As Hajar and her little infant suffered hunger and thirst, she began starting to run up and down between the two nowadays very famous mountains of Safa and Marwa. She did this in desperation exactly seven times. Exhausted, she fell to the ground next to her son and asked Allah (SWT) for relief and rescue. Miraculously suddenly a source from the dry ground sprang at the feet of Ismail. According to other narrations, it is reported that the angel Gabriel had hit on the ground to let the gushing water source. With this secure water supply, the two not only had enough water but also the ability to trade water with passing caravans for food.
Years later Allah (SWT) commanded the return of Ibrahim to his wife and son, that he, along with Ismail should build a place of worship adjacent to the source of Zamzam. The result is the present Kaaba in Mecca. It was to become the center of all people who wanted to refresh and strengthen their faith in the one and only God.
As the years went by, also Ismail (PBUH) received prophethood and taught all the inhabitants of the time of worship and devotion of Allah. Through the long centuries, thanks to the blessed Zamzam source Mekka became a great trading center.
The Incredible test of Ibrahim and Ismail
One of the biggest tests of Ibrahim (as) was to sacrifice his own dearly beloved son Ismail (as). While he went to this project, the devil tried to stop him, running the command of Allah. He was talking to him again and again, as how Allah (SWT) could only call him to such a command. But Ibrahim (AS) stood his ground and threw stones at the devil, overthrowing him. To commemorate this, at the time of Hajj stone pillars are stoned of all pilgrims as a symbolic act.
As Ismail (as) was just at the age of 13 (Ibrahim was at that time 99) Allah (SWT) had prepared a great test for both, he wanted to test their faith. Ibrahim (AS) had a recurring dream in which Allah (swt) told him again and again, to sacrifice his own son for His sake; quite unimaginable, despite the fact that Allah (swt) only gave him this son, after years of profound prayers. But Ibrahim (as) knew that the dreams of the prophets certainly were true, and Allah (swt) was communicating this way with him. Aware of this to be the command of Allah (swt) Ibrahim (AS) decided to take action.
Ibrahim (AS) himself could not readily sacrifice his own son and was searching for his approval. This was therefore not only a test for father but equally to son. Allah also wanted to test the maturity of the faith of Ismail, his love for Islam, and his absolute devotion. When Ibrahim (AS) told his son of his recurring dreams, Ismail (as) did not hesitate for a single moment and said, “Father, do whatever is told you, you will find me if Allah wills so (inshallah) patient.” His mature response and his trust in the dreams of his father and his determination and willingness to sacrifice his own life for Allah, the Almighty, are in fact historically unprecedented.
Als nun Vater und Sohn sich beide Allah ergaben und Ihr Wille sich einig war, teilte Allah (swt) ihnen mit, dass seine wahre Absicht bereits sich erfüllt habe und die Prüfung von beiden Seiten erfolgreich bestanden war, indem sie beide bereit waren, den Befehl Allahs (swt) in jeglicher Form zu befolgen. An Stelle von Ismail sollte Ibrahim (as) nun ein Bock opfern.
The story of Ibrahim and Ismail in the Quran
In the Qur’an the story of Ibrahim and Ismail (as) will appear as follows:
“O, my Lord! Grant me a righteous (son)!” So We gave him the good news of a boy, possessing forbearance. And when (his son) was old enough to walk and work with him, (Abraham) said: O my dear son, I see in vision that I offer you in sacrifice: Now see what is your view!” (The son) said: “O my father! Do what you are commanded; if Allah wills, you will find me one practicing patience and steadfastness!” So when they both submitted and he threw him down upon his forehead, We called out to him saying: O Ibraheem! You have indeed fulfilled the vision; surely thus do We reward those who do good. Most surely this was a manifest trial. And We ransomed him with a momentous sacrifice. And We perpetuated (praise) to him among the later generations. “Peace and salutation to Abraham!” Thus indeed do We reward those who do right. Surely he was one of Our believing servants. (Quran As-Saffat: 37:100-111)
Ibrahim (AS) had shown that his love for God was greater than any other love. It is this ultimate fact on which Muslims around the globe commemorate as a command of Allah (swt) until judgment day. What an honor.