Types of Allergies : We review the symptoms of the main Types of Allergies: pollen, dust mites, certain animals and medications …
If you have allergies to any type of particular foods or animals, you suffer respiratory problems in the spring due to grass pollen, react negatively to dust mites or simply want to know more about what allergy is, what are its symptoms and what types There is , this article can be very interesting.
The allergy and its symptoms
Allergies are alterations due to the hypersensitivity of the immune system to certain substances , such as the skin cells of some animals or the chemical compounds that are part of specific foods, and that cause symptoms in the respiratory system, in the skin, in the mucous membranes or in the digestive tract when the affected person comes in contact with the allergen compound.
Symptoms of allergy include redness of the skin and eyes , nasal congestion, itching and swelling of the skin, problems breathing and alterations in this process, similar to those that occur in cases of asthma; In fact, this disease is often a type of allergy.
This type of problem develops when the immune system reacts to a certain substance as if it were a threat to the body, although in reality it is harmless. As a result antibodies develop that cause our body to release histamine and other chemical compounds that cause allergy symptoms.
The 8 most common Types of Allergies
Next, we will describe which are the most common Types of Allergie that exist in children as well as in the adult population.
As we will see, they include problems as different as pollen allergy, specific foods of any kind, allergies to dogs, cats or other animals or the reactions that occur when coming into contact with objects made of latex.
People with allergies to pollen suffer symptoms such as sneezing, breathing difficulties, nasal congestion, eye irritation and itching sensations when they come into contact with the pollen grains of certain types of plants.
Gramineae, a family of herbaceous plants whose leaves tend to be long and thin, are associated with allergic reactions more frequently than other types of plants.
Although the appearance of symptoms of pollen allergy depends on the season in which they pollinate the plants that cause such reactions, spring is a particularly alarming period of the year for people with this problem.
2. Dust mites
It is the call, of common form, allergy to dust. The organic component of the same, among which are these tiny arachnids virtually invisible to the human eye, is what can act as an irritant or allergen. In the face of continued exposure, for long periods of time, we can begin to feel symptoms related to allergy and even asthma.
The symptoms that people with allergies to mites present are very similar to those of other allergy classes; thus, contact with these small arthropods can cause mucus, sneezing, trouble breathing or whistling when breathing air.
Allergen factors are not found in hair, but in dandruff. Due to our coexistence in domestic environments, the allergy caused by contact with cats and dogs is usually the most common, but the truth is that any animal could cause a similar reaction.
In particular, we know that allergies to animals are related to your body’s secretions – both saliva and sebum or excrement. Curiously, the hair of the animals does not have a great potential to cause allergies, but the dead skin that remains attached to it.
4. Food allergies
Food allergies are one of the most common types in the general population, and especially in children. Among the symptoms that cause these allergies we can highlight the dermatological reactions, such as itching, redness or swelling, but also digestive and respiratory disorders.
Some of the most commonly allergic foods are milk and other dairy products, eggs, nuts (particularly peanuts, hazelnuts and nuts), legumes, fish, seafood, cereals and even Fruits and vegetables.
Mold is a type of fungus that develops preferably in places with a high degree of humidity, high temperature, low lighting and air availability.
The reproduction of these organisms is carried out through spores ; it is these that produce respiratory reactions in people with mold allergy when they inhale them. Among the common molds most associated with allergy include the fungi Alternaria, Penicillium or Aspergillus, among others.
Latex is an elastic material of vegetable origin that is used to make objects as varied as balloons, waterproof clothing (for example raincoats or swimsuits), surgical gloves and other materials used in the sanitary field, tires, makeup elements or condoms.
People with latex allergy should keep in mind what objects contain this material in order to prevent their skin from coming into contact with it. The most common symptoms of this Types of Allergies include respiratory difficulties, dermatological alterations and even dizziness, nausea and vomiting, among others.
Currently many perfumes contain chemical compounds that can cause allergy symptoms (mainly sneezing, congestion and other problems associated with the respiratory system, as well as skin reactions).
They have identified multiple substances that are used with great frequency in the manufacture of perfumes and that have a high potential to cause allergy symptoms; For example, the European Commission has a list of 26 compounds that should be avoided by people with this problem.
8. Allergy to medications
The consumption of medicines can also cause allergic reactions to certain people, being typical symptoms of this type of allergy skin rashes, their redness or the appearance of urticaria, as well as the usual respiratory problems.
While any drug is likely to cause allergy, those that do most often are antibiotics (including penicillin), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs (such as Ibuprofen) , corticosteroids, antiretrovirals used in cases of HIV / AIDS and the drugs that are used in chemotherapy, among others.
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