Since the division of the Korean peninsula in the mid-twentieth century, the leaders of North Korea and South Korea have met only four times: two of them have occurred in the last month.
The meeting had not been previously announced and was only made public after it was produced, through a press release issued by the South Korean government.
The meeting came amid doubts that still surround the possible meeting between Kim and Donald Trump, originally scheduled for next June 12 but last Thursday was canceled by the US president himself, who 24 hours later gave a turn radical to announce that it was possible that it would still take place.
“Both leaders exchanged views … for the successful completion of the summit between North Korea and the United States, ” said the South Korean statement announcing that Moon will report on the results of the meeting on Sunday morning.
If done, the meeting between Trump and Kim will focus on efforts to achieve denuclearization of the Korean peninsula.
This Saturday, White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders confirmed that a group of officials from the presidency and the State Department are traveling to Singapore this weekend, as originally planned, to prepare for the possible summit to be held in Singapore. That country.
But, in this context, what does this unexpected meeting between the leaders of North Korea and South Korea mean?
Between wanting and needing
This week, following Trump’s announcement of the cancellation of the summit with Kim, the North Korean government reacted in a measured way, reiterating its desire to dialogue with the United States and expressing its willingness to do so when Washington wanted.
That response, described by Trump as “warm” and “productive,” seems to have been key to resuscitate the possible completion of the summit with the US president .
Being analyzed along with the rest of the diplomatic movements carried out by Pyongyang these days can be revealing.
“The measured response to the cancellation, and the extraordinary diplomatic gambit that followed, was a strong reminder – according to analysts – that Kim does not just want a diplomatic agreement with the US He may also need it,” The New York Times said. .
The US newspaper quoted Shin Beom-chul, a senior researcher at the Asan Institute for the Study of Public Policy in Seoul, who noted that although North Korea can survive economic sanctions, Kim’s government will not be able to achieve rapid economic growth. that he promised his citizens while these measures are in force.
But the South Korean government, which is acting as a mediator between Washington and Pyongyang and was also surprised by Trump’s decision to cancel the summit, also has a lot at stake.
“Moon Jae-in is acting decisively to keep his people safe from the war,” the summit with the United States should have this objective but Moon will return to the Panmunjom process if necessary, “said Adam Mount, a nuclear expert the Federation of American Scientists, to The Washington Post in reference to the inter-Korean agreement signed on April 27.
“The key issue that emerges from this unexpected summit on the Korean border is that both Kim Jong-un and President Moon want to continue dialogue.
“Initially promising discussions between the two leaders were suspended two weeks ago but after a two-hour meeting (this Saturday) and a hug before the cameras, the North Korean news agency says that both countries intend to follow their talks on Friday, “he added.
Thus, the summit between Kim Jong-un and Donald Trump may not yet be assured, but the interest of both North Korea and South Korea because it takes place seems to be intact.
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